Finnish hallmarking

Hallmarking system in Finland

Finnish hallmarking system.

Finnish hallmarks are similar to Swedish. A crown inside a heart indicates local manufacture, a crown in an oval for imports. Place of assay, maker’s mark and date letter/number may be added.

Fineness and markings required for articles of precious metals (gold, silver, platinum and palladium) in Finland are laid down in legislation. As a rule, precious metal items must carry markings that specify the manufacturer and material. This, however, does not apply to very light items: a gold, platinum or palladium article weighing 1 gram or under can be placed on the market without any regulated markings, while the weight limit for silver is 10 grams.

Finenesses in Finland Finenesses and voluntary background shapes approved in Finland.

Fineness marks Finland - aproved regulated marking precious metals.

The fineness of a precious metal is indicated on the mark in thousandths of mass. For example, 585 means the article contains 58.5% of gold and the remainder consists of different alloys.

Markings Precious metals sold in Finland must carry either a Tukes-registered responsibility mark and a fineness mark or a hallmark and a fineness mark. There may also be other markings.

  • Fineness marks
  • The responsibility mark indicates the importer, manufacturer or retailer of the precious metal article.
  • Examples of responsibility marks: C HOT RURU KuKa aari K:lin

Examples of Finnish responsibility marks.

Information about responsibility marks registered in Finland can be searched at the register of responsibility marks maintained by Tukes.

 

  • The hallmark tells you that the article has been inspected and meets the requirements set in precious metals legislation. The Finnish hallmark The Finnish hallmark.

The Finnish hallmark.
 

  • The date letter indicates the year of manufacture.
  • The locality mark shows the place of manufacture in Finland.

More interesting and useful historic information, including silver, gold and platinum marks can be found on our low priced antique silver, gold and platinum e-books collection on cd.

This cd contains over 40 digitised antiques silver, gold and platinum books.


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40+ Digitized antique books about "Precious metals" collected on CD.

Over 40 antique silver, gold and platinum books digitized on a low-priced cd. All books are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format.

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Interesting subjects:

Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks. Various standards of gold and silver. Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc. History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum. Assaying of silver, gold. Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks. Celebrated European Coldsmiths. Old English silver and plate. Oriental silverwork - Malay, Japanese, Chinese. History of English goldsmiths. Church (plate) silver. Alloys of gold and silver. The hallmarking of jewellery. Assay towns of the United Kingdom. Manufacturers. Hallmarks for jewellery. Historic silver and gold objects. Plate, Pewter, Brittanica silver.

And much more....


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All books are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format. The "ZOOM feature" in Adobe Acrobat reader, allows you to increase or decrease the size of the text.

This collection of antique books will be send via post.

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This collection of precious metals antique books is also available via download link.

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40+ Digitized out of print antique books about precious metals - silver, gold, platinum from the 19th and early 20th century. Distribution via download link.

Over 40 antique silver, gold and platinum e-books in one low-priced collection. More than 10.000 pages of knowledge. All antique books are in an easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader PDF format. You can zoom in and zoom out on the text and the silver and gold marks.

This collection of antique books about precious metals contains of rare, sometimes privately published and out-of-print reference books, research manuals and museum works. Many of the antiques books were printed in the late 1800's and 1900's in limited quantities for museums and private collectors, making them almost impossible to purchase by the average person. On the used books market these works are rare, hard to find and therefore very expensive.

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What are these "precious metals" books about?

Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, fineness marks; Various standards of gold and silver; Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconce's, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, Jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc.; History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum; Assaying of silver, gold; Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks; Celebrated European goldsmiths; Old English silver and plate; Oriental silver work - Malay, Japanese, Chinese; History of English goldsmiths; Church (plate) silver; Alloys of gold and silver; The hallmarking of jewellery; Assay towns of the United Kingdom; Manufacturers; Hallmarks for jewellery; Historic silver and gold objects; Plate, Pewter, Britannica silver.

And much more....

This collection of antique books about precious metals can be easily downloaded via a download link. The download link will be provided after your payment has been received.

This collection of silver, gold and platinum books is also available on CD. No shipping costs worldwide.

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Product no.: Hallmarking Finland

This digital book contains:

  • Finnish date marks 1707 - 2025
  • Finnish locality marks 16th - 19th century (place of manufacture marks)
  • Timeline history Finnish precious metals - Changes in precious metals law, regulations and important decisions (1473-2009).

This e-book will be send as a PDF file via e-mail.

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Product no.: PM-PP-DVD

This DVD bundle contains two antiques book collections with more than 70 digitised antiques books:

  • Over 40 antique silver, gold and platinum books.
  • Over 30 antique porcelain and pottery books.

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All books on this data DVD are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format and zoomable.

The "Precious metals" book collection gives you answers on almost everything you would like to know about the precious metals silver and gold.

  • Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks
  • Various standards of gold and silver
  • Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc
  • History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum
  • Assaying of silver, gold
  • Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks
  • Celebrated European Coldsmiths
  • Old English silver and plate
  • Oriental silverwork - Malay, Japanese, Chinese
  • History of English goldsmiths
  • Church (plate) silver
  • Alloys of gold and silver
  • The hallmarking of jewellery
  • Assay towns of the United Kingdom
  • Manufacturers
  • Hallmarks for jewellery
  • Historic silver and gold objects
  • Plate, Pewter, Brittanica silver
  • And much more....

The "Pottery and Porcelain" book collection gives you answers on almost everything you would like to know about porcelain and pottery arts.

  • Terms used by dealers and collectors with their meanings.
  • The history of pottery from the earliest times.
  • Ancient pottery, Mediaeval and Renanaissance, Italian Majolica, French Porcelain and pottery,
  • German stoneware, Dutch pottery, Staffordshire pottery,
  • Oriental and European pottery,
  • History of important porcelain and pottery factories.
  • The difference between pottery and porcelain.
  • Notes and descriptions of various counterfeit and misleading marks.

This DVD also contains thousands of pottery and porcelain marks, makers' marks, factory marks.

 

Attention: You need a DVD player on your computer and the program Adobe Acrobat reader to read the PDF files.

 

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Product no.: PM-PP-JW-DVD

This DVD bundle contains three antiques book collections with approx. 95 digitised antiques books:

  • 40+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about  precious metals, silver, gold and platinum.
  • 25+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about jewellery and precious stones.
  • 30+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about porcelain and pottery.

Furniture_books_English_table_French_furniture_Dutch_furniture_Antique_book_online.jpg
Porcelain_pottery_marks_old_books_German_porcelain_Meissen_China_online.jpg
 

All books on this data DVD are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format and zoomable.

The "Precious metals" book collection gives you answers on almost everything that was known about precious metals in the 19th and early 20th century:

  • Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks
  • Various standards of gold and silver
  • Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc
  • History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum
  • Assaying of silver, gold
  • Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks
  • Celebrated European Coldsmiths
  • Old English silver and plate
  • Oriental silverwork - Malay, Japanese, Chinese
  • History of English goldsmiths
  • Church (plate) silver
  • Alloys of gold and silver
  • The hallmarking of jewellery
  • Assay towns of the United Kingdom
  • Manufacturers
  • Hallmarks for jewellery
  • Historic silver and gold objects
  • Plate, Pewter, Brittanica silver
  • And much more....

The "Pottery and Porcelain" antique book collection gives you answers on almost everything that was known about porcelain and pottery arts in the 19th and early 20th century.

  • Terms used by dealers and collectors with their meanings.
  • The history of pottery from the earliest times.
  • Ancient pottery, Mediaeval and Renanaissance, Italian Majolica, French Porcelain and pottery,
  • German stoneware, Dutch pottery, Staffordshire pottery,
  • Oriental and European pottery,
  • History of important porcelain and pottery factories.
  • The difference between pottery and porcelain.
  • Notes and descriptions of various counterfeit and misleading marks.

This DVD also contains thousands of pottery and porcelain marks, makers' marks, factory marks.

 

The "Jewellery" antique book collection contains out-of-print books from the 19th and early 20th century:

  • The magic of jewels and charms.
  • How to make jewelry - practical instructions from a practical manufacturing jeweler.
  • Notes on some of the antique and renaissance Gems and Jewels in her majesty collection at windsor castle
  • Precious Stones - a book of reference for jewellers.
  • 20th Century Catalogue of Supplies for Watchmakers Jewelers and kindred trades
  • An encyclopedia for the Horologist, Jeweler, Gold and Silversmith
  • Diamonds - Precious stones for jewellers and gem-loving public
  • A Treatise on Diamonds and Pearls in which their importance is considered and plain rules are exhibited for ascertaining the value of both; and the true method of manufacturing diamonds.
  • Treatise on gems in reference to their practical and scientific value - A useful guide for the jeweller, lapidary, artist, amateur, mineralogist, and chemist, accomanied by a description of the most interesting American gems, and ornamental and architectural materials.
  • Catalogue of the jewellery Greek, Etruscan and Roman in the departments of Antiquities British Museum
  • Catalogue of the mediaval, ivories, enamels, jewellery, gems and mscellaneous objects bequeathed to the museum by Frank McClean
  • Catalogue of the valuable collection of Old English and Foreign Silver and Silver-gilt plate, Jewels, Bijouterie and Object of Vertu, Old Italian and French Bronzes, Majoliea, Limoges, Enamels,C collection of Venetian and German Glass Old Swiss Stained Glass, ox-Wood Carvings, and a variety of other objects of Art chiefly of the 16th and 17th Centuries.
  • Chats on old jewellery and trinkets
  • English Jewellery
  • The Jeweler's handbook containing practical methodes for galvanizing, electro plating and coloring with gold, silver and copper on all kinds of metals.
  • Jewellers' silversmiths' and kindred traders' accounts for manufacturing jewellers, wholesale jewellers, retail jewellers, diamond merchants, silversmiths, electro platers, gilders, watch manufacturers.
  • Jewellery
  • Useful alloys and memoranda for goldsmiths, jewellers, etc - A private handbook
  • The Science of Gems, Jewels, Coins and Medals - Ancient and modern - Watches, Diamonds, Jewellery and Silverware
  • Etc. etc.........

Attention: You need a DVD player on your computer and the program Adobe Acrobat reader to read the PDF files.

 

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