Portuguese hallmarking

Hallmarking Portugal

Hallmarking in Portual:

It was at the time of the great discoveries in the fifteenth century, Portugal began to develop a taste for articles of silver.
From then until today, the Portuguese silver has witnessed the country's wealth in different periods of its history.
If opulence silversmiths made their wonderful pieces, in times of financial crisis, such as in the seventeenth century, there was a depletion in the work of silver.

Among the first pieces performed, stood out platters and pitchers. The motifs and decorations of the pieces were the influence of the amazing journeys undertaken by his popular browsers. It was common to find a work in battle scenes, fighting with savage Indians and even fantastic animals in the midst of a flora.

The rise in the art of silver in Portugal took place in late Manueline in time of great wealth. If in the seventeenth century there was an impoverishment that was reflected in the silver in the eighteenth century the production of these items received strong French influence, work winning artistic refinement, but losing the other hand, the originality of the creation Portuguese.

At the end of it and the beginning of the nineteenth century was the English style, who influenced the production of silver in Portugal. The pieces of silver produced in Portugal until 1886, received contrasts affixed by reputable members of the Corporation of Goldsmiths, who were checking the content of silver in the alloy and the silver classified as 11, 10 and 9 funds (minimum amount), which corresponded to 11 / 12, 10/12 and 9 / 12 thin metal alloy or the equivalent of 22, 20 and 18 carats.

Portuguese_hallmarking_silver_marks_gold_platinum_hallmarks_Portugal.png    Portuguese marks silver gold platinum hallmarks Portugal - assaying system

Silver marks Portugal - Gold hallmarks portugal - Portuguese marks precious metals

Examples of Portuguese silver, gold and platinum marks (Available as a low-priced e-Book)

The date stated above, were founded would contrast related to the Mint. The numbers used by the ancient Corporation of Goldsmith were replaced, maintaining the equivalence, for 0916, 0833 and 0750, specifications that remain valid today. To use them, the marks of the contrasts were required to be registered in the city councils of cities of origin and also include a corporation called the Brotherhood of St Eloi. The markings indicate, in addition to contrast, the location where the piece was made and the author of the work.

The former contrasts were normally an initial usually crowned, which identified the origin of the piece of silver. Thus, Lisbon was represented by an "L", Porto by a "P", Guimaraes had a "G", "C" is of Coimbra, the "B" Braga, "S" to Setúbal and Santarém and a "E" for Évora. The content of silver are represented by Roman numerals (XI, X and IX funds) or Arabic numerals. The manufacturer usually wore his initials to identify the piece.

The biggest problem with respect to the Portuguese silver refers to the difficulty in recognizing accurately the date of manufacture. The archives of the municipal councils, where they exist, are incomplete or difficult to understand.

The Board of Lisbon has one book with 129 terms from 1791 to 1833, the Brotherhood of St Eloi of Porto has 322 brands, the Municipal Archive of Braga terms of records 292 records dating from 1725 to 1883 and much is in the House Currency, which received the file from Vicente Manuel de Moura (mid-nineteenth century) with about 1,000 brands of goldsmiths.

More interesting and useful historic information, including other European hallmarking systems, silver, gold and platinum marks can be found on our low priced antique silver, gold and platinum e-books collection on cd.

This cd contains over 40 digitised antiques silver, gold and platinum books.


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Product no.: Portuguese marks

This digital book contains:

  • Portuguese assay office marks Porto, Lisboa and Gondomar
  • Portuguese fineness marks silver, gold, platinum
  • Portuguese Export marks precious metals
  • Portuguese assay office marks mixed metals (silver/gold, gold/platinum)

This e-book will be send as PDF file via e-mail.

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40+ Digitized antique books about "Precious metals" collected on CD.

Over 40 antique silver, gold and platinum books digitized on a low-priced cd. All books are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format.

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Interesting subjects:

Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks. Various standards of gold and silver. Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc. History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum. Assaying of silver, gold. Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks. Celebrated European Coldsmiths. Old English silver and plate. Oriental silverwork - Malay, Japanese, Chinese. History of English goldsmiths. Church (plate) silver. Alloys of gold and silver. The hallmarking of jewellery. Assay towns of the United Kingdom. Manufacturers. Hallmarks for jewellery. Historic silver and gold objects. Plate, Pewter, Brittanica silver.

And much more....


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All books are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format. The "ZOOM feature" in Adobe Acrobat reader, allows you to increase or decrease the size of the text.

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This collection of precious metals antique books is also available via download link.

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40+ Digitized out of print antique books about precious metals - silver, gold, platinum from the 19th and early 20th century. Distribution via download link.

Over 40 antique silver, gold and platinum e-books in one low-priced collection. More than 10.000 pages of knowledge. All antique books are in an easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader PDF format. You can zoom in and zoom out on the text and the silver and gold marks.

This collection of antique books about precious metals contains of rare, sometimes privately published and out-of-print reference books, research manuals and museum works. Many of the antiques books were printed in the late 1800's and 1900's in limited quantities for museums and private collectors, making them almost impossible to purchase by the average person. On the used books market these works are rare, hard to find and therefore very expensive.

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What are these "precious metals" books about?

Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, fineness marks; Various standards of gold and silver; Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconce's, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, Jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc.; History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum; Assaying of silver, gold; Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks; Celebrated European goldsmiths; Old English silver and plate; Oriental silver work - Malay, Japanese, Chinese; History of English goldsmiths; Church (plate) silver; Alloys of gold and silver; The hallmarking of jewellery; Assay towns of the United Kingdom; Manufacturers; Hallmarks for jewellery; Historic silver and gold objects; Plate, Pewter, Britannica silver.

And much more....

This collection of antique books about precious metals can be easily downloaded via a download link. The download link will be provided after your payment has been received.

This collection of silver, gold and platinum books is also available on CD. No shipping costs worldwide.

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Product no.: PM-PP-DVD

This DVD bundle contains two antiques book collections with more than 70 digitised antiques books:

  • Over 40 antique silver, gold and platinum books.
  • Over 30 antique porcelain and pottery books.

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Porcelain_pottery_marks_old_books_German_porcelain_Meissen_China_online.jpg
 

All books on this data DVD are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format and zoomable.

The "Precious metals" book collection gives you answers on almost everything you would like to know about the precious metals silver and gold.

  • Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks
  • Various standards of gold and silver
  • Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc
  • History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum
  • Assaying of silver, gold
  • Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks
  • Celebrated European Coldsmiths
  • Old English silver and plate
  • Oriental silverwork - Malay, Japanese, Chinese
  • History of English goldsmiths
  • Church (plate) silver
  • Alloys of gold and silver
  • The hallmarking of jewellery
  • Assay towns of the United Kingdom
  • Manufacturers
  • Hallmarks for jewellery
  • Historic silver and gold objects
  • Plate, Pewter, Brittanica silver
  • And much more....

The "Pottery and Porcelain" book collection gives you answers on almost everything you would like to know about porcelain and pottery arts.

  • Terms used by dealers and collectors with their meanings.
  • The history of pottery from the earliest times.
  • Ancient pottery, Mediaeval and Renanaissance, Italian Majolica, French Porcelain and pottery,
  • German stoneware, Dutch pottery, Staffordshire pottery,
  • Oriental and European pottery,
  • History of important porcelain and pottery factories.
  • The difference between pottery and porcelain.
  • Notes and descriptions of various counterfeit and misleading marks.

This DVD also contains thousands of pottery and porcelain marks, makers' marks, factory marks.

 

Attention: You need a DVD player on your computer and the program Adobe Acrobat reader to read the PDF files.

 

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Product no.: PM-PP-JW-DVD

This DVD bundle contains three antiques book collections with approx. 95 digitised antiques books:

  • 40+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about  precious metals, silver, gold and platinum.
  • 25+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about jewellery and precious stones.
  • 30+ digitized antique books from the 19th and early 20th century about porcelain and pottery.

Furniture_books_English_table_French_furniture_Dutch_furniture_Antique_book_online.jpg
Porcelain_pottery_marks_old_books_German_porcelain_Meissen_China_online.jpg
 

All books on this data DVD are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format and zoomable.

The "Precious metals" book collection gives you answers on almost everything that was known about precious metals in the 19th and early 20th century:

  • Standard marks, duty marks, tax marks, date marks, plate workers' marks, spoon marks, makers' marks, assay marks, finenes marks
  • Various standards of gold and silver
  • Art work in silver and gold: Standing cups, dram cups, two-handled cups, beakers, tankards, flagons, mugs, teapots, chocolate pots, coffee pots, spoons, forks, candlesticks, porringers, sconces, candle brackets, snuff boxes, tobacco boxes, sugar boxes, bowls, sauce boats, jewish synagogue silver, church silver, etc
  • History of precious metals gold, silver, platinum
  • Assaying of silver, gold
  • Goldsmith & silversmith makers' marks
  • Celebrated European Coldsmiths
  • Old English silver and plate
  • Oriental silverwork - Malay, Japanese, Chinese
  • History of English goldsmiths
  • Church (plate) silver
  • Alloys of gold and silver
  • The hallmarking of jewellery
  • Assay towns of the United Kingdom
  • Manufacturers
  • Hallmarks for jewellery
  • Historic silver and gold objects
  • Plate, Pewter, Brittanica silver
  • And much more....

The "Pottery and Porcelain" antique book collection gives you answers on almost everything that was known about porcelain and pottery arts in the 19th and early 20th century.

  • Terms used by dealers and collectors with their meanings.
  • The history of pottery from the earliest times.
  • Ancient pottery, Mediaeval and Renanaissance, Italian Majolica, French Porcelain and pottery,
  • German stoneware, Dutch pottery, Staffordshire pottery,
  • Oriental and European pottery,
  • History of important porcelain and pottery factories.
  • The difference between pottery and porcelain.
  • Notes and descriptions of various counterfeit and misleading marks.

This DVD also contains thousands of pottery and porcelain marks, makers' marks, factory marks.

 

The "Jewellery" antique book collection contains out-of-print books from the 19th and early 20th century:

  • The magic of jewels and charms.
  • How to make jewelry - practical instructions from a practical manufacturing jeweler.
  • Notes on some of the antique and renaissance Gems and Jewels in her majesty collection at windsor castle
  • Precious Stones - a book of reference for jewellers.
  • 20th Century Catalogue of Supplies for Watchmakers Jewelers and kindred trades
  • An encyclopedia for the Horologist, Jeweler, Gold and Silversmith
  • Diamonds - Precious stones for jewellers and gem-loving public
  • A Treatise on Diamonds and Pearls in which their importance is considered and plain rules are exhibited for ascertaining the value of both; and the true method of manufacturing diamonds.
  • Treatise on gems in reference to their practical and scientific value - A useful guide for the jeweller, lapidary, artist, amateur, mineralogist, and chemist, accomanied by a description of the most interesting American gems, and ornamental and architectural materials.
  • Catalogue of the jewellery Greek, Etruscan and Roman in the departments of Antiquities British Museum
  • Catalogue of the mediaval, ivories, enamels, jewellery, gems and mscellaneous objects bequeathed to the museum by Frank McClean
  • Catalogue of the valuable collection of Old English and Foreign Silver and Silver-gilt plate, Jewels, Bijouterie and Object of Vertu, Old Italian and French Bronzes, Majoliea, Limoges, Enamels,C collection of Venetian and German Glass Old Swiss Stained Glass, ox-Wood Carvings, and a variety of other objects of Art chiefly of the 16th and 17th Centuries.
  • Chats on old jewellery and trinkets
  • English Jewellery
  • The Jeweler's handbook containing practical methodes for galvanizing, electro plating and coloring with gold, silver and copper on all kinds of metals.
  • Jewellers' silversmiths' and kindred traders' accounts for manufacturing jewellers, wholesale jewellers, retail jewellers, diamond merchants, silversmiths, electro platers, gilders, watch manufacturers.
  • Jewellery
  • Useful alloys and memoranda for goldsmiths, jewellers, etc - A private handbook
  • The Science of Gems, Jewels, Coins and Medals - Ancient and modern - Watches, Diamonds, Jewellery and Silverware
  • Etc. etc.........

Attention: You need a DVD player on your computer and the program Adobe Acrobat reader to read the PDF files.

 

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