ANTIQUE BOOKS - PHOTOGRAPHY

Antique books - Photography

Antique books - Photography

Before the digital era photography was the art of obtaining the representation of objects by the agency of light upon sensitive substances.

The following is a short history of the rise and progress of the art of photography:

In the sixteenth century Baptista Porta, a Neapolitan, popularised the Camera Obscura, and this was used to obtain sketches by hand of the objects projected by the lens.

In 1777 Scheele, the great chemist, discovered the important fact that chloride of silver blackened in sunlight, the chief action lying in the violet end of the spectrum.

In 1802, Thomas Wedgwood, son of the famous potter, published in the "Journal of the Royal Institution " an account of a method of copying paintings on glass, and of making profiles by the agency of light upon nitrate of silver. In the experiments which are thus described he was assisted by Sir Humphrey Davy. They managed to obtain images,upon paper and white leather by means of the solar microscope, but were unable to fix them ; therefore the image was soon obliterated by the darkening of the whole surface.

In 1814 Nicéphore de Niépce commenced a series of experiments, but although he managed to obtain images upon a bituminous film, the process was impracticable for ordinary purposes, from the inordinate exposure (several hours) which was required. He then, in partnership with Daguerre, carried on his experiments ; but it was not until 1839, six years after Niépce's death, that Daguerre communicated to the "Acadamie des Sciences" at Paris the process so well known as Daguerreotype.

Early in 1839 Fox Talbot, previous to Daguerre's communications, announced to the Royal Society a method of "photogenic drawing," in which pictures were produced upon paper prepared with chloride of silver. Fox Talbot effected the fixation of these pictures by saturated solutions of chloride of sodium and bromide of potassium. The use of hypo sulphite of soda, however, soon became general. Sir Humphrey Davy having, in 1821, published the action of this salt upon the salts of silver.

In 1841 Fox Talbot patented his process called Talbotype or alotype {q.v.). To the Rev. J. B. Reade is due the credit of first recommending a developer, although Fox Talbot was the first to use a restrainer. Up to this point paper negatives alone were in use; but in 1848 a cousin of the original Niépce, M. Niépce de St. Victor, proposed the use of albumen on glass as a vehicle for the sensitive salts of silver. These plates, however, were very insensitive, and numerous substances, such as starch, gelatine, gum, etc., were proposed; none, however, were successful.

In 1851 Le Gray, of Paris, and Scott Archer, of London, proposed the use of collodion, the latter publishing such a complete description of the wet collodion process that but little improvement has ever been effected, A great disadvantage, however, of this process was the necessity of exposing the film whilst wet, necessitating the use of bulky and heavy- impedimenta for the landscape photographer, in the shape of dark tent, etc. It was then discovered that the application of certain organic substances to the washed film would allow of the plates being used in the dry state.

In 1862 Major Russell discovered the use of alkaline pyrogallol as a developer, and his accidental discovery of the restraining power of the soluble bromides gave the first impetus to the manufacture of bromide of silver films, which could be exposed dry.

In 1864 Messrs. Sayce and Bolton described the process of making collodion emulsion, which was poured upon glass plates, and then washed to free from inert salts.

In 1874 it was discovered that the emulsion might be washed previous to use, and in 1871 Dr. R. L. Maddox published a notice of a gelatine emulsion, and from that, in 1878, Mr. Charles Bennet realised the capabilities of the process and power of increasing the sensitiveness by digestion at high temperatures. Since then the process has been made more rapid, the ammonia process becoming known, rapid films and plates being of everyday occurrence. Since then film photography became quite a standard process. Of the application of photography in everyday life it would be almost impossible to treat ; the various mechanical printing methods, the use of photography for supplying pictures for illustrated papers, catalogues, price lists, etc., are too well known to need any description. Its uses in astronomy for making charts of the celestial bodies, in the interests of justice for the detection of criminals, for the purposes of experimental warfare and as an assistant in scientific research, for sounding the depths of the sea and for pathological study in medicine, seem almost unlimited.


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Product no.: Antique Books Photography

Over 55 antique photography books digitized on a low-priced DVD.

This and other information can be found on our dvd with +55 antique photography books.

  • Artistic landscape photography
  • Wildlife photography
  • Portrait photography
  • Sports photography
  • Streets photography
  • Airplane photography
  • Bird photography
  • Military photography
  • Fine art photography
  • History of photography
  • Terms used in photography
  • Encyclopaedia of photography
  • Basics of photography
  • Lenses, lightning, exposures, cameras, compositions, ...
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This collection of photography books is also available via download links.

Now $33.50
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Product no.: Antique Books Photography Download

Over 55 antique digitized photography books available via download links.

The antique photography books are about:

  • Artistic landscape photography
  • Wildlife photography
  • Portrait photography
  • Sports photography
  • Streets photography
  • Airplane photography
  • Bird photography
  • Military photography
  • Fine art photography
  • History of photography
  • Terms used in photography
  • Encyclopaedia of photography
  • Basics of photography
  • Lenses, lightning, exposures, cameras, compositions, ...
  • And much more ...

All books are in easy readable Adobe Acrobat reader .PDF format. The "ZOOM feature" in Adobe Acrobat reader, allows you to increase or decrease the size of the text.

This collection of photography books can be easily downloaded via 6 download links. The download links will be provided after your payment has been received.

This collection of photography books is also available on DVD. No shipping costs worldwide.

Now $24.50
$14.50 *

In stock

*

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