ANTIQUE PERIODS AND STYLES

Period styles in furniture - antique furniture

Period styles in furniture - antique furniture

A knowledge of period styles in furniture is as necessary to those who would properly furnish a home as a knowledge of grammar is to those who would speak correctly. All period styles have a history and an exceedingly interesting one. The historical styles in furniture are those that have stood the test of time; they were not created in a day, but were gradually developed to fit the needs of civilization and society; a change in government or religion has always been reflected in the character of the furniture. No new style has ever been created without a knowledge of some older one and probably never will be.

The history of furniture in those countries where it can be traced, closely follows the character, customs and environments of the people and corresponds in growth to the development of their civilization and refinement, the skill of their workmen and the use of improved tools, etc.

Under the reign of different monarchs various types of furniture designs were gradually developed until they were recognized as period styles. These styles were usually given the name of the sovereign under whose reign they were developed, although in some cases they were named after the designer, as in the case of Chippendale, Sheraton and others.

DATES BRITISH
MONARCH
BRITISH
PERIOD
FRENCH
PERIOD
GERMAN
PERIOD
U.S.
PERIOD
STYLE PRINCIPAL
WOODS
1558-1603 Elizabeth I Elizabethan Renaissance

Renaissance
(to c. 1650)

Early Colonial Gothic Oak Period
(to c. 1670)
1603-1625 James I Jacobean
1625-1649 Charles I Carolean Louis XIII
1610-43
Baroque
(c.1620-1700)
1649-1660 Commonwealth Cromwellian Louis XIV
(1643-1715)
Renaissance/
Baroque
(c.1650-1700)
1660-1685 Charles II Restoration
1685-1688 James II Restoration
1688-1694 William &Mary William &Mary William &Mary
1694-1702 William III William III Dutch Colonial Rococo
(c.1695-1760)
1702-1714 Anne Queen Ann Baroque
(c.1700-30)
Queen Ann
Walnut period
(c.1670-1735)






Early
Mahogany
period
(c.1735-70)








Late
Mahogany
period
(c.1770-1850)
1714-1727 George I Early Georgian Regency
(1715-23)
1727-1760 George II Early Georgian Louis XV
(1723-74)
Rococo
(c.1730-60)
Chippendale
(from 1750)
1760-1811 George III Late Georgeian Louis XVI
(1774-93)

Directoire
(1793-99)

Empire
(1799-1815)
Neo-classicism
(c.1760-1800)


Empire
(c.1800-15)
Early Federal
(1790-1810)

American
Directoire
(1798-1804)

Amercan
Empire
(1804-15)
Neo-classical
(c.1755-1805)

Empire
(c.1799-1815)
1812-1820 George III Regency Restauration
(1815-30)
Biedermeier
(c.1815-48)
Later Federal
(1810-30)
Regency
(c.1812-80)
1820-1830 George IV Regency
1830-1837 William IV William IV Louis Philippe
(1830-48)

2nd Empire
(1848-70)

3rd Republic
(1871-1940)
Revivale
(C.1830-80)

Jugendstil
(c.1880-1920)
Eclectic
(c.1830-80)

Arts&Crafts
(c.1880-1900)
1837-1901 Victorian Victorian Victorian
1901-1910 Edward VII Edwardian Art Nouveau
(c.1900-20)
Art Nouveau
(c.1900-20)

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